If you're looking to invest in penny stocks, then you'll want to make sure that you do your research first. This is because penny stocks can be incredibly risky, and it's important to know as much as possible about a company before investing in it. If you do not know how to research penny stocks, we got you covered.

In this guide, we'll teach you everything you need to know about researching penny stocks so that you can make informed investment decisions. 

We'll cover the different methods of research that are available to you, and we'll also recommend some helpful tools that will make your job a lot easier. 

So whether you're a beginner or an experienced investor, our definitive guide will help you how to research penny stocks. 

Researching penny stocks is different 

Due to being smaller companies, penny stocks can be difficult to research, especially for retail investors without any previous experience. 

As opposed to large publicly traded companies, penny stocks do not have a lot of information available, and some are not even required to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). This means that you cannot take the same research approach to penny stocks as you would to other stocks.

What is the best way to research penny stocks? 

The best way to research penny stocks is to use a combination of different methods. This includes using online resources, talking to other investors, and reading company filings. 

By using a variety of sources, you can get a well-rounded view of a company and its stock before investing. Here are some of the steps you should include in your penny stock research due diligence process:

  • Financial information
  • Website
  • News 
  • Talk with other investors
  • Try to find any online resources
  • Research the people behind the company
  • Ask your broker for information
  • Try to find someone covering the stock
  • Visit the company

Financial information

One of the most important things to do when researching penny stocks is to read the company's filings with the SEC. These filings contain important information about a company's financials, business plans, and more. 

They can be difficult to understand if you're not familiar with financial jargon, but there are plenty of resources available that can help you interpret them. Once you've read through a few filings, you'll start to get an understanding of what to look for and how to spot red flags. 

The tricky part about penny stocks is that many of them do not have to file with the SEC. This is the case if they have less than $10 million in assets. 

If a company is raising less than $5 million in a 12-month period, it can use Regulation A to offer and sell its securities without SEC regulation. Reg. D Offerings are also often exempt from SEC registration. So, if you're looking at a penny stock that isn't filing with the SEC, it's important to do even more research to make sure that you understand the risks involved. 


Another important source of information when researching penny stocks is the company's website. The website can give you an idea of the company's business model, its products or services, and its overall financial health. 

If they have listed some of the companies they have worked with in the past, check out their website and try to find some user reviews. If it is a B2C (business to consumer) company, check out some review websites (like Yelp, Google, or Amazon) to see what people are saying. 

You can even purchase the product or service yourself to get first-hand experience.


You should go through the local newspapers and news sources to try to find any information you can on the company. This should give you an idea of what exactly is going on or if there is even any news about the company.

Be wary if there is not a single news mention of it in the local news outlets. This will be a red flag you should look for because companies will often seek to promote themselves, especially in their regions.

Talk with other investors

In addition to online resources, it's also a good idea to talk to other investors who have experience with penny stocks. These investors can provide valuable insights into which stocks are worth investing in and which ones are best avoided. You can find investor forums online, or you might even know someone in real life who has experience with penny stocks. 

Try to find any online resources

You can also research penny stocks by listening to interviews with company management and analysts. These interviews can be conducted by financial news outlets, investment podcasts, or even directly through the company's investor relations department. If these interviews have not addressed any questions you may have, do not be afraid to contact their investor relations department and ask.

Research the people behind the company

One of the most important due diligence steps to invest in penny stocks is to research who is behind the company. You want to make sure that you are dealing with experienced managers, and professionals that will be worthy of your investment.

Ask your broker for information

Most brokers will have some information that they can share with their clients on different stocks. Although you might not be able to find anything that you wouldn’t otherwise find on the web, it might be a good idea to reach out, and maybe then can even point you in the right direction.

Try to find someone covering the stock

While most financial analysts will not cover any stocks that are under a certain threshold, like $1B, there are plenty of people online that are covering penny stocks. Try to look for YouTubers, bloggers, or even on social media platforms like Twitter. You will find that there will most likely be someone trying to research the same penny stocks, and you can share information with them.

This will make your penny stock research process a lot easier. However, you need to be aware that some of the information you find can be for promotional purposes. So you have to be critical of any information you find online on stocks, especially when it comes to penny stocks.

Reach out or visit the company

Contacting investor relations is always a great way to get more information on the company. It is also a great opportunity for you to pose important questions and try to understand if the stock is worth investing in. They should be more than happy to help you out, and you may even get some insights that you wouldn't have otherwise.

Additionally, you can also visit the company and try to see for yourself how it is operating. This can be a very good opportunity to understand the business better and confirm whether it is worth investing in the stock.

Why do you need to use different research methods?

When you're researching penny stocks, it's important to use a variety of different sources. This will help you get the most accurate picture of a company and its stock. 

Finally, don't forget to use your own judgment when researching penny stocks. No one knows everything, and even the most experienced investors can make mistakes. If something doesn't feel right about a particular stock, then it's probably best to avoid it. 

By following these tips, you can learn how to research penny stocks effectively and make informed investment decisions. Remember to always use a combination of different sources, and don't forget to use your own judgment as well. 

How do beginners invest in penny stocks? 

As a beginner, you should learn about the basics of investing before putting any money into penny stocks. This is because penny stocks are a high-risk investment, and you could lose all of your money if you don't know what you're doing. 

Once you have a good understanding of the basics, you can start researching penny stocks to find ones that are worth investing in. When you're first starting out, it's a good idea to use an online broker that offers commission-free trades. 

This way, you can buy and sell penny stocks without having to pay any commissions. Once you've gained some experience and confidence, you can switch to a broker that charges commissions (If they provide better research tools or real-time quotes). 

You will also need to find a broker that lets you trade penny stocks. Not every broker gives investors access to markets where penny stocks are traded, and therefore you need to first check with your current broker if they let you trade those markets.

It's also important to remember that you don't have to invest a lot of money in penny stocks to make a profit. In fact, it's often better to start small and gradually increase your investment over time. 

This way, you can minimize your risk and maximize your chances of making a profit. Beginners may also fall victim to penny stock scams. There are two common stock scams which are: 

Pump and Dump Schemes 

In this scam, a group of people buy a large number of penny stocks and then artificially inflate the price by spreading false or misleading information. Once the price has been artificially inflated, they sell their shares for a profit. This leaves the investors who bought at inflated prices with worthless stock. 

How to avoid

You can spot these schemes by looking for sudden and dramatic price increases with no news to explain them. Another way to avoid these schemes is to only buy stocks that are traded on major exchanges such as the NYSE or NASDAQ. If a celebrity of any sort touts a stock, that is almost certainly a pump-and-dump scheme. This is especially true if the famous person isn't usually known for being interested in investing.

Off-Shore Schemes

In this scam, a company will set up shop in an off-shore location to avoid regulations and taxes. They will then issue penny stocks and use false or misleading information to get people to invest. Once they have enough money, they will close up shop and leave investors with worthless stock. 

How to avoid

You can avoid these schemes by doing your research and only investing in companies that are based in the United States. You should also be wary of companies that don't have a physical address or that have a P.O. box as their address. 

These are all red flags that should make you suspicious of the company. It's important to remember that penny stocks often lack public information. This lack of information can make it very difficult to make informed investment decisions. 

The information you read can also be opinionated and not factual. This means that you need to be aware of the risks and have certainty in both the industry and the management team. If you are just a beginner at investing in general, it may be best to avoid penny stocks altogether. 

They are a high-risk investment, and you could lose all of your money if you don't know what you're doing. However, if you allocate your portfolio effectively and manage risk well, you can make a profit from penny stocks. 

How do penny stocks work? 

They work just like any other stock, you can buy or sell them through a broker. The key difference is that they’re much cheaper than regular stocks and therefore considered to be more volatile. Penny stocks are shares of small companies that trade for less than $5 per share. 

Some people view penny stocks as a high-risk investment, expecting to make quick and profitable returns. Others believe that by carefully researching these stocks, they can find hidden gems among them. 

There is no one correct answer when it comes to penny stocks. Some people have made a fortune by investing in them, while others have lost everything they put into them. It’s important to remember that penny stocks are speculative investments, and you should never invest more money than you can afford to lose. 

Before diving into penny stocks, it is important to learn how to find them before the rest of the market does. You do not want to be a 'bag holder'. This is when you are left holding a stock that has gone down in value and is difficult to sell. 

This can be due to a lack of liquidity or fear of taking a significant loss if the value has dropped a lot. 

How to find penny stocks before they explode 

Penny stocks can rise in value quickly. The best way to find them is to research companies that have good fundamentals and are trading at low prices. When you have found a penny stock that you are interested in, the next step is to research the company. 

You can find penny stocks before they explode by understanding market trends. For example, the vegan food trend is causing many food companies to invest in plant-based products. This could lead to a rise in the value of vegan penny stocks. 

By being one step ahead of the market, you can find penny stocks that are about to explode. The best way to do this is to be involved in the trend and talk to others that are passionate about the industry. If there is a new vegan company for example, that people love, you can wait for the IPO or begin investing in it before it is promoted by Wall Street. 

Penny stocks can be found on any stock market. However, they are usually traded on the OTCBB or Pink Sheets. These are markets where companies do not have to meet the same listing requirements as they do on the Nasdaq or NYSE. Instead of asking a broker what stock they recommend, it may be more helpful to understand the broader picture. 

For example, if you read books about climate change, it may lead you to the electric vehicle industry. From there, you can research which companies are still small but leading the way in a specific segment of an industry. For this example, it could be car batteries. 

If you do further research, you might find out that Lithium is an important element that is needed in EV batteries. You can then research all the different lithium producers and decide which ones have the best risk-to-reward ratio. 

Now, this is not a recommendation to invest in lithium. This is just an example of the process of starting with broader trends, then focusing on smaller-cap companies that participate in the industry. 

Best penny stock research tools you can use 

You can use online tools such as Google Finance and Yahoo Finance to find penny stocks. These platforms allow you to research a company’s financials, read news about them, and see what analysts are saying. The EDGAR database is also a good resource. 

This is where companies are required to file their financial statements. You can use this to find information on a company’s revenue, expenses, and insider ownership. You can also use social media to find penny stocks. Twitter is a good place to start. 

Search for hashtags such as #pennystocks, #microcap, and #smallcap. However, it is essential to note that social media can affect emotions, and people can often pump and dump stock. This should just be the start of your research and not the only source of information you use. 


When it comes to penny stocks, there are a lot of things to be aware of. Penny stocks are notoriously volatile, so it's important to do your research before investing. You should also be aware of the different types of penny stock scams and how to avoid them. 

Finally, don't forget to use your own judgment when researching penny stocks. It's important to think for yourself and learn how to not get swayed by others. With a little practice, you'll be an expert at researching penny stocks in no time!