Capitulation is a term that is often used in the stock market, but many people don't know what it means. 

In this article, we will discuss what capitulation is and how it works. We will also explore whether it is bullish or bearish. Finally, we will look at some indicators that can help you identify capitulation in the market.

What is capitulation?

Capitulation is a term that is used to describe a situation in which investors have given up on trying to make money in the stock market and are selling their holdings. This usually happens when there has been a sharp decline in stock prices and investors believe that the market will continue to fall. 

It is a form of surrender and acceptance that losses have been incurred, and that it is time to exit the market. Capitulation typically refers to mass selling and can be a sign that the market has reached a bottom.

How capitulation works

Capitulation works by creating a situation in which there are more sellers than buyers. This can happen for a variety of reasons, but it typically happens when investors believe that the market is about to crash. 

When this happens, it creates a self-fulfilling prophecy, as the market does indeed crash. When markets crash and it looks like all hope is lost of a rebound, investors will eventually give up on their positions and capitulate. 

The market is then flooded with selling pressure, leading to further declines.

Is capitulation bullish?

No, it is not bullish. It's a sign of fear, desperation, and anxiety among investors. When the market crashes and people are capitulating, it is a sign that they believe the market will continue to fall. 

This is not a good sign for the market, as it typically leads to further declines. If the capitulation is over a long period of time, it can be a sign that the market is in a bear market. However, if it happens over a short period of time, it can be a sign that the market is about to rebound, or a bullish reversal is forming. 

How do you identify capitulation? 


There are a few indicators that can help you identify capitulation in the market. One is the volume of trading. When there is a sudden increase in the volume of trading, it can be a sign that people are capitulating. 

Another indicator is the price action. If you see a sudden and sharp decline in prices, it can be a sign that people are capitulating. 

Finally, you can also look at the emotions of people in the market. If you see a lot of fear and desperation, it can be a sign that it is happening.

Capitulation indicators: Technical Analysis

The three most popular capitulation indicators are the Relative Strength Index (RSI), the Williams %R, and the Stochastic Oscillator

The RSI is a momentum oscillator that measures the speed and change of price movements. 

The Williams %R is a significant technical indicator that detects whether markets are overbought or oversold. 

The Stochastic Oscillator is a momentum oscillator that tracks the price trend. 

These three tools of the trade can provide a synergistic indication of capitulation because they are all momentum oscillators that track different aspects of price. 

Momentum and price matter for identifying capitulation because it is a function of the speed of price change. The faster the price changes, the more likely it is that stocks are capitulating. 

The emotional herd-like mentality of traders pilling into a crowded trade is what drives capitulation. When enough market participants give up and sell all at once, trade prices capitulate to the downside with conviction. This can result from and also causes market crashes.


When investors capitulate, they are selling their stocks and getting out of the market. They are surrendering their positions and writing it off as a loss. This happens when the majority of market participants believe that prices will continue to fall. 

Capitulation is usually accompanied by high volume and extreme price moves. If a stock you are investing in starts to lose value, you may be tempted to sell it and get out of the market. 

However, if you do this, you may be capitulating. It can help save you from further losses but it will also turn paper losses into realized losses. This means you have to accept that you made a mistake and lost money. If you are a long-term investor, capitulations in the market might not bother you. 

Short-term traders, on the other hand, need to be more careful about them. If you are day trading or swing trading, capitulation can signal the end of a trend. This means that the market has reversed and you need to get out. Either way, you should have a plan and a strategy for how to deal with market corrections.