For years there has been a wide discussion on whether the stock market actually benefits society or not. Although there are some good points to be made on both sides of this argument, it is clear that having a stock market is an important benefit for societies, and for the economy.

In this article, we will look at some of the ways the stock market benefits society and its importance.

Why is the stock market important to society?

Societies need capital as it allows every member of that society to work together towards a common goal. Since capital is scarce, it is important to use it wisely. Having a stock market allows investors and other market participants to allocate their capital in the most efficient way possible - efficient capital allocation.

As a whole society benefits because the capital is being used in the most optimal way possible, which in turn creates wealth for society members.

The stock market allows its participants to put their capital in the hands of the most efficient businesses, which will generate a higher return on their capital. This benefits all of us, since that capital is not being wasted away, and it is actually being put to use in the most efficient way possible.

There are other indirect consequences of this. The stock market makes companies compete for capital, which makes them have more competitive business models that ultimately benefit consumers, and society.

In turn, this also leads to innovation, and industry disruption that boosts economic growth, and opportunities for each member of society.

What are the benefits of the stock market to society?

While there are some clear benefits of having a stock market, some of them are more unknown. Here are the major benefits of the stock market in our society:

  • Improves capital allocation efficiency
  • Promotes business competition
  • Allows every member of society to easily invest
  • Boosts economic growth
  • Makes it easy for businesses to raise capital
  • Promotes innovation
  • Strengthens the economy
  • Increases economic productivity

The existence of a stock market benefits everyone in society. Although some political groups might advocate that it creates a wealth gap, the reality is that being able to invest your capital whether you have a lot or not, is an ultimate benefit for everyone.

Is the stock market is bad for society?

No, the stock market is good for society. It forces companies to be more efficient, and it leads to economic growth. However, an unregulated stock market could create wealth inequality. If members of society do not directly invest in the stock market, then they will have no share of the wealth that is created through it.

How does the stock market benefit people?

The stock market benefits people because the increased competition will directly benefit consumers. If people also invest in the stock market and are to build wealth through it, they will also have a higher purchasing power, which in turn means they will consume more. Generating even further economic growth,

How does the stock market benefit the economy?

The greatest benefit of the stock market to the economy is that it pushes businesses to be highly competitive. Since capital allocators are trying to be as efficient as possible, they pick investments based also on the company’s ability to be efficient with capital. 

In turn, forces businesses to be as efficient as possible, which increases the competition. This directly benefits consumers, who are able to buy a variety of products and services at lower prices. It increases consumer choices, and ultimately pushes businesses to offer higher quality products and services.

It also fosters innovation among businesses which also ends up benefiting society. Creating investment, and work opportunities that are a reflection of increased economic growth.

Is the stock market good for a country?

Yes, the stock market is good for a country because it generates economic growth. However, it is likely that a country without a stock market could see more equal levels of income since individuals are not able to invest their capital. This is not necessarily good and in fact countries without a stock market tend to have lower GDP per capita and lower GDP growth.

How does the stock market contribute to economic growth?

The stock market contributes to economic growth because it pushes companies to be highly competitive. This forces every business to use capital in the most efficient way possible. By being efficient, business managers are able to allocate capital to generate the highest returns. This creates economic growth since there are more job and investment opportunities.


There are clear reasons why the stock market ultimately benefits society as a whole. Although there are some disadvantages, and one could argue that it creates inequality, we cannot deny the economic importance of a stock market.

The increased competition for capital translates into a higher business competition which ultimately benefits members of society.